Do I need an electrical certificate to sell my house?

Energy certificate

The energy certificate of a house is a document that indicates how much energy our house consumes to operate under normal conditions and, in turn, certifies the level of efficiency in energy consumption.

Thanks to this document we can get an idea of the energy conditions of the house. If it consumes too much because, for example, the household appliances are very old or the wiring network is in poor condition, it is likely that reforms will have to be made to optimize consumption.

The purpose of obtaining a home energy certificate is to minimize energy consumption in homes. This is intended to achieve two objectives: reduce the amount of electricity bills at home and minimize the environmental impact of excessive use of electricity.

Important!  Online agencies do not usually include the energy certificate in their rates, but they can process it for an additional cost. Remember to check the conditions before hiring a real estate agency.

What happens if I sell a house without an energy certificate?

According to this sanctioning regime, not having the energy efficiency certificate to sell the apartment, valid, registered and in force, is considered a serious infringement. Consequently, such infringement may be punished with a fine of €601 to €1,000.

What happens if I don’t have the energy efficiency certificate?

If you have a home and you have not yet taken the energy certificate seriously, it is time to do so because, not doing so, can result in fines of up to 6,000 euros, according to Law 8/2013 of rehabilitation, regeneration and urban renewal.

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How much does the energy efficiency certificate cost?

It is estimated that, on average, the price of the energy efficiency certificate has a cost of 1.50 €/m2. Therefore, in a 50-100 m2 house, the cost of the energy certificate can be around 60-130 €.

Selling a house step by step

In June 2013, Royal Decree 235/2013 came into force, which established that an energy certificate was mandatory for selling or renting an apartment. This royal decree also approved the basic procedure for the energy certification of buildings, both new and existing.

In Galicia, in order to register the energy certificate, fees must be paid, which vary depending on the surface area of the apartment that appears in the land registry. In other autonomous communities, registering the energy certificate is free of charge.

Law 8/2013 on Urban Rehabilitation, Regeneration and Renovation clearly establishes the infringements and penalties related to the energy certificate. Infringements can be of three levels: minor, serious and very serious.

At the time of the deed of the apartment, if the seller does not provide the energy certificate, the notary will reject the transaction. The notary must inform the seller and the buyer of the obligation to have the energy efficiency certificate in force.

How do I know if I need an energy certificate for my house?

At any time you can enter the website of the Institut Català de l’Energia and check property by property if you have an energy certificate. The interesting thing about this page is that you can not only make the consultation, but you can also download the duplicate of the energy certificate.

Which homes do not require an energy certificate?

If you want to sell or rent a single-family dwelling or an isolated local, of less than 50 m2, you do not have to process the energy efficiency certificate, you are exempted. But this exemption does not apply to an apartment of less than 50 square meters in a building.

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Who is obliged to have the energy efficiency certificate?

In short, the energy efficiency certificate or energy certificate is mandatory for any owner who wishes to rent or sell a property (country house, town house, apartment, office or premises) before signing the sale or rental contract.

Energy performance certificate obligation

The owner or developer of the building or dwelling has the obligation to obtain the energy performance certificate in case of sale or rental.    Also in the case that the building is of new construction.

To obtain it, the owner of the building, dwelling or premises must contract the energy certification of the building with a competent technician in energy efficiency certification, or certifying technician.

The energy efficiency certificate, duly signed by the certifying technician, will be delivered at the time of formalizing the sale or rental contract to the new owner or lessee of the property. In the case of rentals, a copy of the certificate will be given to the tenant.

For the certificate of energy efficiency to be valid, it must be registered in the registry of certificates of energy efficiency of the Comunitat Valenciana. Generally, this step is carried out by the certifying technician, since a part of the registry can only be carried out by the certifying technician.

How do I know if I have an energy certificate?

Access can be made through three ways: Through the certificate search engine you can download the energy efficiency label of any building registered in the registry. It allows you to search for address, procedure code or cadastral reference.

How long does the energy efficiency certificate last?

Validity and updating of the energy certificate

The energy performance certificate for buildings is valid for ten years.

When is an energy certificate mandatory?

When you must have the Energy Efficiency Certificate. The energy efficiency certificate is mandatory for the sale and rental of real estate since June 1, 2013. Both for new and existing buildings. It is also mandatory at the time of offering or advertising its sale or rental.

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Taxes to be paid when selling a house

The calculation includes the production of hot water, heating, lighting, cooling and ventilation. It also takes into account elements such as exterior enclosure materials, carpentry, the type of windows or air conditioning systems.

When it comes to grading, the scale of the energy certificate has seven letters: from A (most energy-efficient building) to G (least energy-efficient building). In addition to this general grade, there is information about other energy characteristics of the building, such as the thermal envelope or the natural gas or electricity installations.

Always put yourself in the buyer’s shoes: this is very valuable information to know what you are spending your money on. When buying a property, it is better to have a general idea of how much it is going to cost to heat/cool the house you are going to live in. And to a large extent this depends on the energy efficiency.

In fact, the energy efficiency certificate was born to favor those buildings with high energy efficiency, to highlight them over the rest and make it easier for people to buy them, thus promoting a more sustainable world.