What class vehicle is a motorhome?

Argentine motorhome

A motorhome is a completely autonomous vehicle specially designed for the transportation and accommodation of people. Unlike other vehicles, a motorhome has, in addition to the driver’s cab, a special cabin dedicated to facilitate the life of the users and provide them with complete autonomy inside so that the normal development of daily life is not interrupted, something that usually happens when we travel and we have to stay in tourist accommodations.

It is essential to take into account the speed limits for motorhomes both inside and outside urban areas. In general, it is essential that you respect the speed marked by the road itself and in any case never exceed the maximum speed of 100 km/h.

In order to make traveling by motorhome as pleasant as possible and that your trip is not abruptly interrupted by traffic personnel, you should remember, if you are a motorhomer, these words until they become a mantra: parking is not camping and camping is not just parking.

What are the types of caravans?

In general, the most common types are those known as capuchina, profiled, integral and camper. There are also motorhomes adapted for people with reduced mobility, which have a lifting platform and accessories conveniently prepared to facilitate their movement.

What type of vehicle is a motorhome for the MOT?

Caravans fall under the category of trailers. And not all of them are required to pass the ITV: those that belong to category O1 and have a maximum authorized mass (MMA) of less than 750 kg. are exempt, and use the same license plate as the car towing it.

What is a housing van?

Housing van, is an N1 vehicle, which we have already said that it is a vehicle intended for goods, modified to house a dwelling inside. Motorhome, the vehicle is homologated as a dwelling vehicle from the factory and includes all the modifications to house a dwelling inside.

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M

It seems that times are changing. And drivers and travelers are adapting quickly to the circumstances; making very thoughtful decisions to amortize in the best possible way the expenses they may have on their vacations and in their free time.

But just as we must be concerned about our health safety, we cannot overlook our safety on the road. And this inevitably involves having an up-to-date MOT. A frequent question for those who have just acquired a caravan is: do I have to pass the ITV if I have a caravan? How is the ITV process for this type of vehicle?

Caravans fall into the category of trailers. And not all of them are obliged to pass the ITV: those that belong to category O1 and have a maximum authorized mass (MMA) of less than 750 kg. are exempt, and use the same license plate as the car towing it.

In fact, there is a very important point here that we must not lose sight of. It is the installation of the tow ball. We remind you that the tow ball must always be homologated, and that it is considered a “major overhaul”. Therefore, it must appear in the technical data sheet of your vehicle.

What does M1 mean on the data sheet?

1 . Category M : Motor vehicles intended for the transport of persons and having at least four wheels, or three wheels and a maximum weight exceeding one tonne. – Category M1 : Vehicles intended for the carriage of passengers and having, in addition to the driver’s seat, not more than eight seating positions.

What’s wrong with a caravan?

A caravan, mobile home or motor home is a type of closed trailer vehicle that includes basic furniture in its interior as a mobile home, normally with the purpose of using it as a dwelling during trips, using an automobile as a traction element for its displacement.

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What do you check ITV caravan?

In both cases, the main technical aspects that are most frequently checked in caravans and motorhomes are the gas installation inside (no leaks, etc.), the hitch (or tow ball, in the case of caravans), the operation of the lights and the condition of the wheels/tires.

Used motorhomes

If we want to be able to circulate at the maximum speed and to have a more spaced ITV, we will have to opt for the classification Tourism in the vehicles with category M1 or Motorhome in the vehicles with category N1.

Previously, it has been allowed to convert vehicles approved as vans to motorhomes, but nowadays this is not possible. What does this mean? If we buy a new van and then we camperize it ourselves or we take it to a camperizer, it can only be approved as a van home, with the limitations mentioned above.

Currently if we want to have a vehicle classified as a motorhome is only possible if it leaves the factory and this can only be done by first stage manufacturers, ie manufacturers of motorhomes or some camperizers who work directly for the brands.

Well, and after all this, I hope I have not confused you even more than before starting the video. As I said, I wanted to make this video to solve and clarify many of the questions that you ask me daily about these issues.

Which caravans do not pass the MOT?

All trailers, including light trailers and caravans, are required to pass the ITV. In the case of caravans (> 750 kg MMA and ≤ 3,500 kg MMA) they are exempt from passing the ITV until they are six years old, after that date they are passed every two years.

How much does it cost to pass the ITV of a caravan?

The ITV price of motorhomes is usually similar to that of cars, while the inspection of caravans ranges between 30 and 60 €, provided that it is the periodic review.

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What is a housing vehicle?

Living vehicles are designed to be inhabited and not to transport goods. They have fixed furniture and their structures must be anchored to the bodywork.

Types of motorhomes

Traveling is often the best cure for the stress and anxiety that we generate on a daily basis. How can you achieve all this without spending a lot of money? Thanks to the new fashion: Camperizing vans, that is, converting a van into a motorhome.

When embarking on camperization, as Acierto.com points out, a series of considerations must be taken into account to ensure that, on the one hand, the van is perfectly adapted to what is expected of it and, on the other, that it complies with all current regulations.

Insulation and paneling. To avoid being very cold in winter and suffocatingly hot in summer, it will be necessary to insulate the interior of the vehicle. There are different materials for this purpose, but one of the most recommended is rock wool. This material can also be wrapped in plastic to insulate against humidity. Before proceeding, it is advisable to leave the pipes and macaroni for cables in place, as this will greatly simplify the subsequent electrical and plumbing installation. Once the floor and walls are insulated, the interior should be paneled.