Article 165.- Pregnancy and childbirth leave shall be granted for one hundred and twenty (120) calendar days, and the personnel shall be forbidden to work during the fifty (50) days prior to childbirth and up to seventy (70) calendar days after childbirth with pay.

If any of the newborns should remain hospitalized in the neonatology area, the period foreseen for the post-partum period shall be increased by the days of hospitalization.

Upon expiration of the period foreseen for the post-partum period, the pregnant woman, prior reliable communication to the City Police, may choose to extend her leave up to one hundred and twenty (120) calendar days, without payment of salary.

Article 166.- For the purpose of feeding and caring for the child, the personnel shall be entitled to a break of two (2) hours per day, which may be divided into fractions when intended for the natural or artificial breastfeeding of the child under twelve (12) months of age.

It may be used during the workday as two (2) breaks of one (1) hour each, or a reduction of two (2) hours of work at the entrance or exit, or of one (1) hour at the entrance and one (1) hour at the exit.

What is the difference between possession and carrying a firearm?

Possession implies having the firearm under the sphere of custody, exercising a de facto dominion over it. Carrying implies carrying the firearm.

What regulations make reference to the use of firearms?

The National Government, through the authorities contemplated in Article 32 of Decree 2535 of 1993, may prohibit in some parts of the national territory the carrying and/or possession of firearms by natural persons, legal entities and foreigners.

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What is the difference between a possession permit and a carrying permit?

TENANCY: possession of a weapon within a registered real estate. It only authorizes the use of firearms within that property to the holder of the permit or to its inhabitants. CARRYING: action of carrying or carrying within reach of a personal defense weapon, with the respective permit issued by the competent authority.

A retired military officer may carry arms in Colombia.

Article 1. In the United Mexican States all persons shall enjoy the human rights recognized in this Constitution and in the international treaties to which the Mexican State is a party, as well as the guarantees for their protection, the exercise of which may not be restricted or suspended, except in the cases and under the conditions established by this Constitution.

The norms relating to human rights shall be interpreted in accordance with this Constitution and with international treaties on the subject, favoring at all times the broadest protection for persons.

All authorities, within the scope of their competencies, have the obligation to promote, respect, protect and guarantee human rights in accordance with the principles of universality, interdependence, indivisibility and progressiveness. Consequently, the State must prevent, investigate, punish and redress human rights violations, under the terms established by law.

What does Law 24492 establish regarding legitimate firearms users?

In this sense, Law No. 24492 has established that the transmission of any type of firearm, regardless of its classification, may only be made to those who can prove their condition of legitimate user by means of the official credential issued by the National Firearms Registry.

What is gun ownership?

Carrying is the permission to dispose of a loaded firearm in a ready-to-use condition in a public place.

What is possession of a firearm?

Possession is the proof that enables you to keep a firearm in your possession, transport it unloaded and separated from its ammunition and use it for lawful purposes (hunting, sport shooting, etc.).

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What are the permits for firearms in surveillance?

All social sectors deploy very diverse forms of mobilization and innovate in the modalities of protest in the country. When they are very broad, marches, roadblocks and encampments condition the legitimacy of the authorities, both because they consolidate it, as happened in the face of the military uprisings in the 80’s, and because they challenge it, of which the 2001 crisis is the most extreme example. Governments had different tendencies and combined repression, negotiation and control of police violence in different ways at each juncture. When they resorted to extreme violence they had to face the social commotion and the very high political costs of killing protesters.

The Cambiemos government has a restrictive perspective on social mobilization. Since it started, it spreads very negative messages about the right to protest that are the framework of repression and criminalization actions that various judicial and political actors promote in different parts of the country. Currently, protocols and other very regressive norms regarding the persecution of demonstrators and police intervention in protests are under discussion. Meanwhile, police practices have abandoned some measures that reflected broad social and political agreements regarding the need to avoid the occurrence of deaths in protests: in particular, in many recent situations, the prohibition of police officers carrying firearms in these operations has been ignored.

What does decree 1979 of 2001 say?

The purpose of this decree is to establish the Manual of Uniforms and Equipment for personnel providing Private Security and Surveillance services.

What does Law 62 of 1993 say?

Whereby regulations on the National Police are issued, a public social security and welfare establishment for the National Police is created, the Superintendence of Surveillance and Private Security is created and the President of the Republic is invested with extraordinary powers.

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What regulation governs the use of arms and ammunition in Private Security?


1.  On May 21, 2015 the appeal of unconstitutionality filed by ninety-seven deputies of the Socialist Parliamentary Group, eleven of the Parliamentary Group La Izquierda Plural [Izquierda Unida (IU), Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds-Esquerra Unida i Alternativa (ICV-EUiA) and Chunta Aragonesista (CHA)], four of the Parliamentary Group Unión Progreso y Democracia and two of the Mixed Parliamentary Group of the Congress of Deputies, against arts. 19.2, 20.2, 20.2, 36.2 and 23, and 37.1 in relation to arts. 30.3 and 37.3 and 7, as well as the first final provision of Organic Law 4/2015, of March 30, on the protection of citizen security (hereinafter, LOPSC). The grounds on which the appeal of unconstitutionality is based are those which, succinctly, are set out below:

This solution collides with the case law of the European Court of Human Rights regarding the treatment of non-communicated peaceful demonstrations (SSTEDH of 17 July 2007, Bukta et al. v. Hungary, § 36, and of 7 October 2008, Éva Molnár v. Hungary, § 38).

By Rachel Robison

Rachel Robison is a blogger who collects information on court filings and notices.