It is normal that while writing, even in a chat, we think about the difference between these two words and how to use them, as they are common in everyday life. Both are well written, valid by the RAE and very necessary, but they are also used incorrectly.

“Although they are pronounced the same, the forms echo, echas, echa, of the verb echar, which are written without h, and the forms hecho, hecha, hechas, hechas, of the participle of the verb hacer, which are written with h, should not be confused in writing, just like the masculine noun hecho (‘thing that is done or that happens’), both when used as such and when it is part of the locution de hecho (‘indeed, in fact’),” says the RAE.

In a nutshell, the big difference is that ‘echar’ (although it is more colloquial) refers to expel, throw out, throw away, etc. While ‘hecho’, besides being an event, also functions as a verb of ‘to do’.

How is news made?

Brevity: the facts must be presented briefly, without repetition or irrelevant data. Generality: the news should be of social interest and not particular. Actuality: the facts must be current or recent. Novelty: the events must be new, unusual or rare.

What language is commonly used in the news?

Journalistic language is therefore functional, it aims above all to inform. It must be clear, concise, precise, fluid, simple, agile and easily understood by the reader. It must also be economical: be as faithful as possible to reality with the right number of words, no more and no less.

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What is a news item and an example?

News. A news item is a short journalistic text that portrays a relevant or novel fact of reality. News is a cut of reality because it is considered interesting for a large part of the public. For example: “Salta: another Wichí girl died due to malnutrition and now there are seven children dead”.


It is often confused with the journalistic note, which is a journalistic genre that deals with the news. The journalistic note is an informative text par excellence and it is the one that best applies the characteristics indicated for the writing of a news item. That is to say, it is here where the 6 W’s resource and the writing with the inverted pyramid format fully work.[4].

It is necessary for a news item to answer six basic questions,[5][6] formulated as the six W’s, or the five W’s and the H for its initials in English. In this way, readers, viewers, radio listeners and cybernauts will be able to understand the veracity of the event.

What is the function of the language that predominates in the news?

Functions of journalistic language

Journalistic language has three fundamental functions that allow communication between the sender and the receiver to take place smoothly. These functions are: to inform, to educate and to entertain.

What is news and what are its parts?

A news item is a journalistic text that can be narrated in a written, audio or audiovisual way. … A news is structured in a way, it has some parts that make it up, they are: the headline, the lead, the body and the closing.

What is the news definition for children?

The news is a type of text that tells a fact of current interest. It is generally disseminated in different media (radio, newspaper, television, internet,…) The body: It is the text and narrates the events in order of importance: first the most important. …

How to make a short news item

The news is an account of a current or recent event that is written with the purpose of disseminating it through the media. The writing must be objective because it is only based on the facts, it does not include the journalist’s opinion. Therefore, the purpose of a news story is to inform the reader.

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If we wanted to write stories including the opinion of the person who writes them, we would be talking about opinion articles, reviews or editorials. There are also other types of journalistic texts that mix the objectivity of a news item with the writer’s opinion; within this group are chronicles and reports.  We will talk about these journalistic texts later on, but today we will focus on how to learn to write a news article.

The text of the news must be clear, simple, we need the reader to understand what we want to tell without great effort. Therefore, the writer must write clearly, with a lexicon accessible to his readers, and without using foreign words or technical terms that may cause comprehension problems.

What is a news item?

The journalistic note is one of the most widely used communication formats and consists mainly of the presentation of recent events. It is characterized for being a text that describes the facts in a simple way, with short sentences and very short paragraphs.

What are the newspaper sections?

A newspaper is usually divided internally into several sections that may include local news; international news; editorial and opinion; business and economics; sports; politics; classifieds; entertainment; arts and culture; as well as environment, interviews, readers’ letters, events …

What are the main characteristics of journalistic language?

Clarity. The clarity of the message can only be achieved by using a language that is understandable to all, regardless of educational and cultural levels. It must be constructed using simple grammatical structures (“subject, verb, complement”).

How to write a news story examples

Structure the information you have and think about what would be newsworthy. As they say in journalism schools: A dog biting a man is not news, but if it’s a man biting the dog, that’s a different story.

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Once you have decided what is the most newsworthy aspect of the information you have covered, that information should go in the first paragraph or, as it is also called, the lead of the news item. This technique is called inverted pyramid and consists of placing the most relevant information at the beginning of the news item and the least relevant information at the end.

In the first paragraph of the news item you should try to answer the six W’s. What, who, how, when, where and why. Answering these six questions will help you report what is most relevant. On that basis, the journalist already orders the questions to be answered before or after transcribing the information.

When writing a news item, it is very important to avoid technicalities that no one understands. When you write a story, think beforehand if someone outside the story, such as your mother or grandmother, would understand the meaning of the news. If so, go ahead. If, on the other hand, you think that they would not understand the information at all well, that means that you will have to simplify the news you have written much more.

By Rachel Robison

Rachel Robison is a blogger who collects information on court filings and notices.