Medication or medication

When caring for an elderly person, the control, administration and follow-up of medication is a key point to ensure their health. We must make sure that the elderly person takes the medication correctly and that he/she does not forget to take it.

Medications help us to live longer and healthier, even if we have a chronic disease. Thanks to advances in medicine, life expectancy has increased. However, if we take medications incorrectly or if they are mixed with others, it can be very dangerous for the patient’s health.

People who take medications must be careful, follow their doctor’s instructions and devise a way to keep track of their medication intake and use them safely, as many must take a wide variety of medications.

When taking medication, skipping a dose interrupts the treatment and, therefore, the patient cannot recover from his or her disease or properly alleviate symptoms to prevent the development of the disease.

Who should administer the medications?

The physician is in charge of prescribing the necessary dosage to the patient and the nurse or auxiliary nursing technician will be in charge of administering the medication.

What is medication administration?

The administration of medications are nursing activities that are performed under medical prescription, in which the nurse must focus on reaffirming the knowledge and skills necessary to apply a drug to the patient, as well as knowing how to evaluate the physiological factors, mechanisms of action and the …

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Who prepares and administers?

The nurse prepares, administers, detects side effects, educates the population on the rational consumption of drugs and informs patients about the main aspects of the drug that should be known, having a legal responsibility, but above all ethical in the knowledge of the actions, …

Self-medication

Purpose of the medicine: what is the medicine used for? Know what each medication is used for and why it is prescribed. For example, is it a chemotherapy drug, a pain reliever, or an antibiotic? Understanding what each medication is used for can help families communicate with the care team and pharmacist. In addition, knowing why a medication should be taken can promote medication adherence (taking the medication at the time and in the way it should be taken). Knowing what medications do can also help avoid medication-related hazards, such as interactions or overadministration.

Side effects: What are common side effects of this medicine? Medications usually have a long list of possible side effects. Some may be very likely and others may be rare. Knowing the possible side effects can help families watch for reactions and detect signs earlier.

Who manufactures the drugs?

Certified pharmacists have graduated from college at a college of pharmacy. The pharmacist prepares and processes prescriptions for medications prescribed by the general care provider or specialist. Pharmacists also provide information about medications to patients.

How are drugs divided?

Classification of drugs according to their form of administration. According to their form of administration, you can find, on the one hand, oral drugs, such as syrups, tablets or capsules. On the other hand, there are intravenous or intramuscular drugs (such as ampoules and vials) and intradermal drugs (such as insulins).

How does a pharmacy dispense drugs?

The prescription distribution system is based on sending medications for each patient per bed, all medications are sent for 24 hours of treatment, except for weekends, which is for 72 hours, i.e., it is a daily refill system.

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Medication Management in Older Adults

As a caregiver, helping a family member or friend with medications can raise many questions and concerns, especially when more than one medication is involved. The good news is that there are ways to stay informed, stay calm and help the person in your care with their medication. The following suggestions may make things a little easier.

Sometimes, it can be difficult to remember what medication to give the person in your care, especially when there are different types of medications and intervals of administration to follow. Here are some ideas to make it easier for you:

Helping with medications is an important responsibility. By working closely with the doctor and pharmacist, you can make sure the person in your care gets the full benefit of the medicines.

How many and which are the routes of drug administration?

Correct route of administration: there are many routes of administration, such as oral, sublingual, buccal, topical, transdermal, inhalation, ocular instillation, rectal, vaginal or parenteral (subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous).

What is the importance of proper medication administration?

The proper use of medications is a very important factor to alleviate the symptoms being suffered or to cure the disease being suffered, besides being essential to protect the patient from adverse reactions due to the toxicity of the medications themselves.

What is nursing administration?

It is about managing from a tactical level oriented to employees and customers, as well as logistical and strategic taking into account management policies and resources.

Medication in nursing

This lack of understanding is a major source of stress.  Having inadequate knowledge about the actions and possible side effects of medications, and the symptoms associated with possible drug interactions, can directly affect a loved one’s quality of life.

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Whether you need help understanding new medications and potential side effects, need help scheduling refills of all prescriptions on the same day each month, scheduling delivery, or help with reminders for your loved one to take their medications, scheduling a pharmacy consultation can be highly beneficial.

The pharmacist can also help you communicate with the physician so you can work together to discontinue ineffective medications and also help you expedite your loved one’s prescriptions so they are all dispensed at one pharmacy.

A Wellness visit is similar to an annual physical exam.  During a wellness visit, the pharmacist will perform a medication review to ensure your loved one is adhering to his or her medication regimen and experiencing positive results.

By Rachel Robison

Rachel Robison is a blogger who collects information on court filings and notices.