Medication Administration Protocol 2020

Over-the-counter drugs offer numerous benefits, but are not always better tolerated than similar prescription drugs. Which of the following over-the-counter sleep drugs is not as effective or as safe, especially for older people, as many prescription sleep drugs?

Over-the-counter drugs offer many benefits, but are not always better tolerated than similar prescription drugs. Which of the following OTC sleep drugs is not as effective or as safe, especially for the elderly, as many prescription sleep drugs?

How is the quality and safety of a drug guaranteed?

To guarantee the quality of a drug it is not enough to maintain a good control of the identity, titration and purity (active ingredient, concentration), it is also necessary to take into account other factors that may affect its bioequivalence, good manufacturing practices, the quality of the excipients …

How can you ensure patient safety during medication administration?

Prepare the prescribed medication according to the physician’s order. Ensure a strict and specific treatment for the patient. Place the patient in the correct position according to the puncture site: ventrogluteal, gluteal dorsum, vastus lateralis thigh, deltoid Avoid making mistakes and cause less pain to the patient.

What is the safety of a pharmacological treatment?

The concept of safety is a relative one, because any drug can be as harmful as it is beneficial. The difference between the usual effective dose and the dose that causes serious or life-threatening adverse reactions is known as the margin of safety.

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Errors in medication administration

The proper use of drugs is of fundamental importance for the health of the community, and both physicians and patients must play their role in order to ensure that drugs are effective in the treatment of diseases.

The prescription of drugs is the responsibility of health professionals, who must promote their rational use. In other words, patients should be sure that they receive the right medication for their clinical needs, in doses corresponding to their individual requirements, for an adequate period of time and at the lowest possible cost to them and to the community (WHO, 1985). For their part, the dispensing of medicines is the responsibility of pharmacists, who also help society to use them appropriately.

In addition to the professionals who prescribe and dispense, the patient is also involved in the process by ensuring that the drugs are used and stored correctly. When this does not happen, patients are exposed to the risk of their health being affected.

How to ensure patient safety?

PATIENT SAFETY

Key actions in this regard include the identification, conduct and assessment of risks, the reporting and analysis of critical incidents, as well as the ability to learn from them and implement solutions to minimize risks or prevent their recurrence.

What is done in drug quality control?

Quality Control is the entity in charge of performing all the analyses to establish whether the drug complies with the legal requirements declared by each company and with the parameters that pharmaceutical products must comply with, as indicated in the specifications.

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What is the quality control regulator for healthcare products?

At the National Administration of Medicines, Food and Medical Technology, we protect the population by ensuring that health products are effective, safe and of high quality.

Medication control and safety standards

The ability to scan a bar-coded wristband ensures that the right patient gets the right medication at the right time. Decision support available within the administration workflow helps administer medication safely and efficiently. Examples of this support would be early or late administration warning, too close a dose warning, chart values, or displaying trends of results at the point of administration.

When a patient is discharged from the hospital or is an outpatient, our solutions will allow the clinician easy access to the required medication. These workflows allow the nursing team to contact pharmacists with the relevant prescription, as well as creating documentation for the patient to have a printed record of their medication data.

What are the correct procedures for medication administration?

Parenteral route: the drug is introduced through the skin or membranes by means of a hollow needle inside (injection or catheter). Respiratory route: the drug is administered through the upper respiratory tract in small doses. Rectal route: the drug is introduced into the rectum.

What is safety efficiency?

Obviously, a drug (or any medical treatment) should be used only when it will benefit a patient. Benefit takes into account both the drug’s ability to produce the desired result (efficacy), and the type and likelihood of adverse effects (safety).

What is the safety profile of a drug?

WHO defines it as the science and activities relating to the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse drug effects or any other drug-related health problems3.

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Consequences of medication misadministration

Medication errors are one of the most frequent adverse events in most Latin American countries, which has led to the promotion of a system for their identification and reduction in health institutions.

The average percentage of people who reported total compliance in the application of the policy was 65.1% in the standardization, storage and distribution of medications, 61.7% in their prescription and 65.5% in their administration and registration.

It was evident that approximately half of the respondents considered that there was a lack of compliance in the implementation of the patient safety system that frames the processes for the use of medications in all their stages. This shows that, although there is theoretically a patient medication safety system in the institutions studied, it is necessary to strengthen managerial actions aimed at guaranteeing its effective application with all the actors involved, with permanent monitoring of the processes being a fundamental pillar.

By Rachel Robison

Rachel Robison is a blogger who collects information on court filings and notices.