Traditional nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care provided to individuals of all ages, families, groups, and communities, sick or well in all settings, and includes health care, disease prevention, and care of the sick, disabled, and dying. The essential functions of nursing are advocacy, promotion of a safe environment, research, participation in health policy and in the management of patients and health systems, and education. The American Nurses Association declares that the American Association of Nurses is a member of the American Association of Nurses.
The American Nurses Association declares since 1987, in a document called “Nursing: A Social Policy Statement”, nursing as: “The diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual or potential health problems.” The first Nursing Theory was born in 1987, in which nursing was defined as: “The diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual or potential health problems.” The first Nursing Theory was born in 1987.
The first nursing theory was born with Florence Nightingale, from there new models appeared, each of which contributed a philosophy of understanding nursing and care. Nurses began to focus their attention on the acquisition of technical knowledge delegated to them, and with the publication of the book “Notes on Nursing” by Florence Nightingale in 1859 the basis of professional nursing was laid.
The most popular of all nursing specialties, the one most chosen by professionals in the field. Obstetric-Gynecological nursing is responsible for the health care of women and newborns. It is in its field of action to ensure the sexual health of women, the smooth running of the pregnancy process and the health of the newborn.
Mental health nurses provide support and care for people with mental disorders. A professional in this specialty will not only take an active part in the execution of treatments, but will also adopt an educational role and promote mental health at the individual and community level.
One of the least known psychology specialties. Formerly called company nursing, the professionals in this area are responsible for looking after the health of workers in relation to their jobs. An occupational nurse attends to the employee in case of an emergency, takes measures to reduce occupational hazards and plays an active role in health promotion within his or her institution.
Highest-Paying Nursing Specialties
As is the case with countless careers, there are several nursing specialties in Chile. Training in a particular area allows us to acquire knowledge of great value for professional growth, which will bring us more opportunities and boost our career development.
Working in an intensive care unit is not for everyone. Here there are patients with pathologies that can lead to death, requiring the presence of highly qualified personnel. It is not enough just to study nursing to work in this sector, but a deeper knowledge is necessary.
In intensive care units there are critical patients who require specialized care at all times. To work with them, it is necessary to know how to operate highly complex equipment and handle specific techniques for certain treatments.
As we know, the specialty in oncology for Nursing is the one dedicated to cancer treatment. In this field, it is essential to have highly trained professionals to care for patients suffering from this disease in its various manifestations.
Nursing is one of the professions that make up the health system. These professionals are in charge of providing direct care to people of all ages who are sick, collaborating with other health professionals to provide the necessary care, in addition to healing different conditions or preventing them through the promotion of a healthy lifestyle.
It is one of the most demanded professions nowadays and, due to the context of the 2020 health crisis, it has also acquired much more prominence, partly thanks to the great contribution of professionals from different nursing specialties in the containment of contagions and care for these patients.
But what are the nursing specialties? In Chile, there are different institutions that offer postgraduate programs oriented to these health professionals, which allows them to deepen their knowledge and complement their skills to develop in different areas.