What are the 2 main laws for child protection?

Childhood and Adolescence Law summary

At the time, the new criminological schools interpreted crime from a scientific basis, which considered environmental and biological factors. It was not by chance that the psychiatrist and neurologist Hugo Lea Plaza was appointed, in 1928, director of the newly created General Directorate for the Protection of Minors, while Samuel Gajardo became another personality after being appointed as the first juvenile judge.

The Juvenile Law enacted in 1967, during the government of Eduardo Frei Montalva, incorporated some changes in the institutional framework, including the creation of the Juvenile Police, but preserved the model in its essential aspects.

Which law refers to the protection of minors?

Organic Law 1/1996, of January 15, 1996, on the Legal Protection of Minors, partially amending the Civil Code and the Civil Procedure Law.

What is the purpose of the new law on child care?

The Children’s Act aims to: Protect all children and adolescents from violence regardless of their skin color and social origin. … To carry out actions for the prevention and eradication of violence in areas such as higher education, health, sports or social affairs.

What are the laws that protect children and adolescents?

Law No. 054 on the legal protection of children and adolescents. Entry into force: … Aims to protect the life, physical, psychological and sexual integrity, health and safety of all children and adolescents.

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Law 1098 of 2006 pdf

The Childhood Law, which aims to protect children and adolescents from all forms of violence and abuse, is already in place. It includes measures such as the elimination of the parental alienation syndrome, the increase of the statute of limitations for crimes of sexual violence against minors or the training of professionals in the field of childhood.

Organic Law 8/2021, of June 4, on the comprehensive protection of children and adolescents against violence, was approved with a broad consensus in Congress. It has a budget of approximately 70 million euros for its implementation.

What does Law 1098 of 2006 say?

Children and adolescents have the right to life, to a good quality of life and to a healthy environment in conditions of dignity and enjoyment of all their rights in a prevalent manner. Quality of life is essential for their integral development in accordance with their dignity as human beings.

When does Organic Law 8 2021 enter into force?

– Other modifications. Entry into force. The BOE of June 5, 2021 published Organic Law 8/2021, of June 4, 2021, on the comprehensive protection of children and adolescents against violence, which enters into force on June 25 of the same year.

When is it considered child abuse?

Emotional abuse: repeated behavior by parents or caregivers, such as insults, rejection, threats, humiliation, scorn, ridicule, criticism or isolation that cause, or may cause, deterioration in the emotional, social and/or intellectual development of the child.

What is meant by integral protection?

This law combats violence against children and adolescents from a comprehensive approach, in an extensive response to the multidimensional nature of its risk factors and consequences. The law goes beyond administrative frameworks and penetrates numerous jurisdictional orders to affirm its holistic will. From a didactic perspective, it gives an essential priority to prevention, socialization and education, both among minors and among families and civil society itself. The law establishes measures for protection, early detection, assistance, reintegration of violated rights and recovery of the victim, which find their inspiration in the integral models of care identified as good practices in avoiding secondary victimization.

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In any case, the law guarantees the protection and safety of persons who comply with their duty to report situations of violence, with the aim of encouraging the fulfillment of this duty.

When does the new law on minors come into force?

The law for the protection of children against violence comes into force this Friday, a rule that provides that, in cases of gender violence, the visitation regime of the alleged abusers is suspended if a protection order is issued for the mother and there is evidence that the children have witnessed the abuse.

What are the laws in Colombia that protect children and adolescents?

Colombia: Decree 136 of 2004, Law 765 of 2002 and Law 679 of 2001 Ensures that children require special protection by improving their situation and development and guaranteeing conditions of peace and security based on full respect for their rights.

How are children nominated in Law 1098 of 2006?

In the Civil Code, a child is understood as a person between 0 and 12 years of age, and an adolescent is understood as a person between 12 and 18 years of age. Paragraph 1. In case of doubt about the majority or minority of age, this will be presumed. In case of doubt about the age of the child or adolescent, the younger age shall be presumed.

Why is the law on childhood and adolescence important?

Organic Law 1/1996, of January 15, 1996, on the Legal Protection of Minors, partially amending the Civil Code and the Civil Procedure Law, hereinafter referred to as the Organic Law on the Legal Protection of Minors, together with the provisions of the Civil Code on this matter, constitutes the main regulatory framework for the rights of minors, guaranteeing them uniform protection throughout the State. This law has been the reference for the legislation that the Autonomous Communities have subsequently passed, in accordance with their competences in this area.

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It also introduces an express mention of digital and media literacy, as an essential tool for minors to develop their critical thinking and take an active part in a participatory society and in today’s world, which cannot be understood without the new information and communication technologies.

Closely related to the above, Article 12 guarantees the necessary support so that minors under parental authority, guardianship, custody or foster care of a victim of gender or domestic violence can remain with the victim. It also introduces the presumption of minority of a person whose age of majority has not been established with certainty, until it is finally determined.