Example of an emergency plan

A company’s emergency plan is the procedure to be followed in a company in case of risk situations, minimizing the effects on people and belongings and guaranteeing the safe evacuation of its occupants, if necessary.

Therefore, the emergency plan could also be defined as the document that contains the set of protection and prevention measures already implemented or planned in order to avoid accidents in the work environment. It can also contain the measures and actions to be taken in the event of an accident.

In this procedure, possible emergency situations must be analyzed and the necessary measures must be taken in terms of first aid, fire fighting and evacuation of workers.

The employer in charge of the work center (art.7 R.D 171/2004) must inform his workers of the risks derived from the concurrence of companies and, likewise, inform the contracted workers of the risks of the work center, preventive measures and emergency measures.

What does an emergency plan include?

The emergency plan is that document of the organization in which a series of responses to different emergency situations are foreseen. These are classified for their control, so that alarm, evacuation and rescue are guaranteed.

What are the emergency procedures?

A company’s emergency plan is the procedure to be followed in a company in case of risk situations, minimizing the effects on people and belongings that may arise and ensuring the safe evacuation of its occupants, if necessary.

How to make a fire emergency plan?

An emergency plan must be delimited, it must be made specifically to face or mitigate a maximum of two or three risk agents, for example a single plan to prevent and fight fires, otherwise you would have a plan with many actions to coordinate and at the time of acting, everyone takes actions …

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Types of emergency plans

Although the new Occupational Health and Safety standard focuses on prevention rather than reaction, emergency response in ISO 45001 is still a major issue that requires the attention of team professionals, and requires the preparation of a plan that prepares the organization to deal with these eventualities.

Preparing an emergency response plan in ISO 45001 requires following some steps to prevent the catastrophic effects of an emergency from being much more damaging to the workers and the organization.

Emergencies are always unforeseen. If they were not, they would not be emergencies, because we would know they were going to happen and instead of responding to them we would try to avoid them by eliminating the factors generating the risk.

However, there are factors that we cannot control, such as natural phenomena – earthquakes, hurricanes, floods – for example, which require an emergency response plan in ISO 45001. How to achieve this? Let’s follow these 5 steps:

What are the emergency measures?

The necessary measures for first aid, firefighting and evacuation of workers, designating the personnel in charge of implementing these measures and periodically checking, if necessary, their correct operation.

What is a contingency action?

A contingency plan is a set of alternative procedures and instructions to the normal operating conditions of the Company, so as to allow the operation of the Company, despite the fact that some of its functions cease to do so due to an incident or certain external conditions beyond the Company’s control.

What is a fire emergency plan?

The Fire Emergency Plan is a document that explains how to act in case of fire and how to evacuate people from the building when there is a fire or a risk of fire.

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Emergency and evacuation plan example

The emergency preparedness and response plan must allow the organization to guarantee that, in the event of a declared emergency, it is capable of safeguarding the lives of its workers and maintaining the integrity of its processes.

For this reason, it is essential to define the essential elements that an emergency plan must contain, which are sufficient and necessary for the organization to be able to survive in the event of an emergency.

And it is the main input, because from this identification and assessment, the activities to be planned and executed within the emergency plan will be derived, and will give the route to define the emergency brigades.

There are different types of hazards to which the organization may be exposed. It is very important to categorize them in order to cover all possible hazards, so that the analysis is complete without omitting any of them.

Thus, there may be Natural, Anthropic and Social threats. Based on this categorization, all possible threats to which the organization is exposed must be framed, and each of them and their impact on processes, people and resources must be assessed.

What is an extinction plan?

The Extinction Plan sequentially establishes the actions to be carried out by the Emergency Teams, depending on the severity of the Emergency, as if it were evolving from an Emergency Incident, through a Partial Emergency, to a General Emergency.

How to make an emergency plan on how to evacuate a house in case of fire?

Show them how to crawl up to their bedroom door and touch the doorknob first. If it is warm, they should stand by their window and wave a shirt. If it’s not warm, they should crawl out the door and out of the house to the meeting place outside.

What are performance measures?

Emergency Action Measures in the company are understood as a document whose objective is to identify the emergency risks that may arise, the measures to be taken for each one of them, and how to proceed in the event that the work center has to be evacuated.

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What an emergency plan contains

In this respect, companies and organizations have a series of obligations. The aim is to prevent any of the above-mentioned situations and, in the event that they occur, to ensure that they are effectively controlled as soon as possible.

There are four different types of emergency plans: emergency plan, emergency action plan or emergency measures procedures; internal emergency plan; self-protection plan; and external emergency plan.

The emergency plan is that document of the organization in which a series of responses to different emergency situations are foreseen. These are classified for their control, so that alarm, evacuation and rescue are guaranteed.

This is the document required in some specific sectors, such as those in which hazardous substances are handled. It defines the organization to be given as well as the procedures and means of action to be used.