What are the three common emotional processes?

Steps of the emotional process

Emotions are psychophysiological reactions that represent modes of adaptation of the individual when perceiving an important object, person, place, event, or memory. Psychologically, emotions alter attention, up-regulate certain response-guiding behaviors of the individual, and activate relevant associative networks in memory.[1] Feelings are the result of emotions, are more durable in time, and can be verbalized (words).

Basic emotion models propose the existence of atomic or discrete emotions, sometimes allowing them to vary in intensity and to combine to generate more complex and nuanced emotions.

The results of a meta-analysis suggest that negative and positive emotions can be differentiated in the autonomic nervous system, but not necessarily specific emotions (Cacioppo et al., 2000, in Friedman, 2010). In contrast, another meta-analysis showed considerable autonomic specificity of fear versus anger (Stemmler, 2004, in Friedman, 2010).

What are the 3 components of emotion?

The appraisal mechanism activates the emotional response, in which three components can be identified: neurophysiological, behavioral and cognitive.

What are the 10 basic emotions?

This proposal aims for students in the last year of this stage to identify, express and understand the ten emotions considered basic in Roberto Aguado’s classification: fear, joy, sadness, anger, disgust, curiosity, admiration, surprise, guilt and security (Aguado, 2018).

What is an emotion and give examples?

Emotions are reactions that we all experience: joy, sadness, fear, anger… They are familiar to all of us, but they are not without complexity.

Theory of emotions pdf

Emotions are reactions that we all experience: joy, sadness, fear, anger… They are known to all of us but they are not without complexity. Although we have all felt anxiety or nervousness, not all of us are aware that a bad management of these emotions can lead to a blockage or even illness.

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To explain more deeply the changes we experience, let us focus on the fear we feel, for example, in a dangerous situation in which our own life may be at stake.

On a cognitive level, that is, in terms of our capacity for understanding, judgment, memorization and reasoning, fear can make us lose the ability to control our behavior, causing us to react in a similar way to other less evolved species such as reptiles. That is, we will react by trying to decide whether we have a better chance of survival by fighting, fleeing or remaining paralyzed. This way of reacting, this “program”, resides in the amygdala, in the deepest part of our brain. In this “emotional” organ we have neither conscience nor decision capacity and also in it are registered the events that we have lived and the sensations that we have perceived, what makes us not forget what has happened to us and try to avoid it in the future.

What processes include emotions?

The emotional process is the punctual change that occurs at a certain moment and with a certain duration of time. It implies a special condition of information processing through which something already known or perceived at that moment is related to a scale of values.

What are the physiological components?

The physiological component of emotions are the changes that develop in the functioning of the Central Nervous System (CNS) because they are related to the cognition processes that decode the information received by the organism and the emotional states that are generated.

What are the 20 emotions?

Admiration, adoration, aesthetic appreciation, amusement, anxiety, awe, discomfort, boredom, calm, confusion, longing, aversion, empathetic pain, rapture, envy, excitement, fear, horror, interest, joy, nostalgia, romance, sadness, satisfaction, sexual desire, sympathy, and triumph.

Components of emotions pdf

In psychology, Emotion is defined as that feeling or perception of the elements and relationships of reality or imagination. This feeling is expressed physically through some physiological function such as changes in breathing, sweating or heart rate, and includes some behavioral reactions such as relaxation, well-being, anxiety, stress, depression, aggressiveness or crying (Ramos, 2005).

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Emotions are neurochemical and cognitive processes related to the architecture of the mind (decision making, memory, attention, perception, imagination). They have been perfected by the process of natural selection in response to the needs of survival and reproduction (Kail and Cavanaugh, 2006).

Thanks to emotions we can establish several basic adaptive behaviors for the organism. For example: attacking, escaping, seeking comfort, helping people, reproducing (Palmero, Guerrero, Gómez and Carpi, 2006).

Emotions have negative effects, for example, stage fright or blocking in athletes can interfere with physical performance. In addition, hatred, anger, disgust and fear alter behavior and interpersonal relationships. But emotions can also contribute to survival.

What are the 7 basic human emotions?

The seven basic universal emotions are surprise, sadness, contempt, fear, anger, joy and disgust. From these are derived the social or secondary emotions, which are influenced by social and cultural factors.

What are some examples of afflictive emotions?

Write on the blackboard the afflictive emotions (anger, sadness, anxiety, fear, boredom, jealousy, envy, frustration, insecurity) and the non-afflictive emotions (joy, harmony, trust, gratitude, enthusiasm, liking, surprise, happiness), and discuss them with the group.

What is a Stenic emotion?

Static: Those which, when produced, cause the sympathetic nervous system to intervene, affecting the functioning of the organs. Example: muscular hypertonia, tachycardia, temperature elevation.

Emotional state psychology

Abstract: Moods, feelings and emotions, even the mildest, can influence the development of the conflict and condition human behavior during its management. The mediator’s challenge is to redirect the affective states of the parties and create a space of calm that allows communication, the improvement of relations between the mediators and the adoption of consensual agreements or both. The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the main tools of the mediator for the identification and restructuring of negative emotions, both in an intrapersonal and interpersonal aspect. Reformulations, re-contextualizations or, if necessary, a caucus will help reduce tensions and help to cope with anger, a frequent emotion that can interfere with the mediation process. Although mediation favors the catharsis of emotions, it is not therapy, so the two interventions must be differentiated.

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The mediator must be aware of the impact that emotions can have on the success or failure of the mediation process. Mediation should encourage communication, give the parties the opportunity to find satisfactory solutions to their problem on their own or at least end the process having experienced an improvement in their relationship or feeling revalued and empowered. This task will be all the more difficult if the emotion does not find an appropriate way to be channeled. The mediator’s first mission will therefore be to create a space where calm dialogue and empathy are facilitated and where it is possible to express emotions assertively, without generating interference. He/she must be attentive from the first contact with the mediators in order to detect the emotion, qualify it and offer an adequate response to minimize its influence on the development of the process and on the quality of the mediation.