Importance of aseptic technique
- Importance of aseptic technique
- What are the principles of aseptic technique?
- What are the types of aseptic techniques?
- What is aseptic technique and why is it necessary?
- Aseptic and antiseptic technique
- What are aseptic measures?
- What are the principles of aseptic techniques and biosafety standards?
- What is the sterile technique?
- Aseptic technique components
- What does a clean technique look like in nursing?
- What is used for sterilization?
- What is aseptic transfer?
- Aseptic surgical technique
Compared to other routes of administration, the intravenous route is the fastest means of transporting solutions (fluids) and drugs through the body. Some drugs, as well as blood transfusions and lethal injections, can only be given by this route.
In the 17th century, intravenous injection was described as a new procedure for administering drugs. The first injections of substances by this route, performed for experimental and non-therapeutic purposes, are due to Christopher Wren (1632-1723), the famous architect, who injected wine and beer into the veins of a dog in 1656. These trials were continued by Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke, who injected opium and saffron also in dogs, observing their results.
In 1952, this stumbling block was overcome when the puncture of large caliber veins became widespread. This technique, described by Aubaniac after testing it on war wounded, allowed the use of higher concentrations of glucose and amino acids in the mixture. In 1959, Francis Moore described the use of the superior vena cava for the infusion of high concentrations of glucose. Today, the administration of opioids and hypnotics is part of balanced anesthesia techniques.
What are the principles of aseptic technique?
The components of the Aseptic Technique are: – Hand Hygiene – Use of Physical Barriers: Gloves, Cap, Mask and Apron. – Use of Sterile Material. – Cleaning and disinfection of skin prior to procedures. – Sterile Glove – Cap or Hair Removal.
What are the types of aseptic techniques?
Asepsis refers to the absence of microorganisms, while aseptic technique is the infection control practice used to prevent the transmission of pathogens. The two types of aseptic techniques commonly practiced are medical and surgical asepsis.
What is aseptic technique and why is it necessary?
Aseptic techniques are very important to reduce the possibility of microorganisms entering the body during drug administration and secretion aspiration, in turn reducing the risk of patients becoming infected during their hospital stay.
Aseptic and antiseptic technique
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most frequent type of nosocomial infection. Most of these infections are associated with urinary tract instrumentation, mainly urethral catheterization.
RECOMMENDATIONS TO AVOID OR REDUCE THE RISK OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION ASSOCIATED WITH INTRAVASCULAR DEVICESINTRODUCTIONIntravenous catheter-associated bacteremia is related to the duration of catheterization, the microorganisms in the dermal habitat (autochthonous or hospital-acquired), and the care received both at the time of catheter insertion and in subsequent care of the catheter. As it is an access to the patient’s cardiovascular system, it is also a possible route of entry for microorganisms, which can cause major complications that, apart from being annoying for the patient, increase morbidity and mortality. GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
In order to face the growing trend of this pathology, it is necessary to insist on disease prevention measures and ensure compliance with them. This is the aim of the recommendations set out below. GENERAL MEASURES
What are aseptic measures?
It is the set of procedures and activities performed by healthcare personnel, leading to minimize microbial contamination, during patient care.
What are the principles of aseptic techniques and biosafety standards?
Asepsis: techniques used to avoid the presence of pathogenic germs in a given area or object. Absence of germs. Antiseptics: antimicrobial compounds used on living tissues (skin and mucous membranes) without causing damage or irritation.
What is the sterile technique?
Sterile means germ-free. When you care for your catheter or surgery wound, you will need to take steps to prevent the spread of germs. Some cleaning and care procedures need to be performed in a sterile manner so you don’t get an infection.
Aseptic technique components
In any case, infections are extremely common in this type of environment. Most viruses and germs are airborne, so aseptic and antisepsis techniques are essential to keep them at bay in enclosed spaces.
Thus, infection prevention and control is beginning to develop with greater emphasis. In short, Pasteur’s discoveries were fundamental in demonstrating that the cause of many diseases lies in microorganisms that are transmitted using different tools.
This type of asepsis applies to doctors and nurses, who are the personnel at risk because they are in direct contact with sick people. The procedures carried out to reduce pathogenic elements and avoid contagion for the personnel consist of:
What does a clean technique look like in nursing?
It is the procedure used by health personnel when carrying out activities to prevent the transmission of infections.
What is used for sterilization?
Physical methods are carried out through the use of moist heat, dry heat or radiation, destroying all forms of microbial life, including spores, the most commonly used method is pressurized steam. Pressurized steam-moist heat. Hot air-dry heat. Ionizing radiation.
What is aseptic transfer?
This series of precautions is known as aseptic technique; among the main ones we can mention: Always work near the burner. through the burner flame, this process is known as flaming. Sterilize the filament or handle by placing it in the flame until it is red hot.
Aseptic surgical technique
Around the world today, thousands of people die every day from infections contracted while receiving health care. Hand hygiene, both for any health professional and for any of us, requires 30 seconds for alcohol gel and about 60 seconds for soap and water. A fact as simple as this, applied in a constant and disciplined way, saves lives.
The complications to be avoided with proper hand hygiene for doctors, nurses and all health professionals who work in pediatric intensive care units (PICU) are the predominant hospital infections, such as bacteremia (BACT) associated with central venous catheters (CVC). In addition, another point to take into account is that these infections prolong the average length of hospitalization of a patient by 7 to 14 days and increase health care costs.