Tomato raw material

The name comes from tomatl, in the Aztec Nahuatl language. It first appeared in print in The History of Tomatoes as Food in 1595.[4] The word jitomate comes from the Nahuatl xictomatl xictomatl; xictli=bellybutton, tomohuac=fatness and atl=water, which the meaning of jitomate or xictomatl could be translated as fat water bellybutton. It should be noted that, although the word tomato comes from the Nahuatl tomatl, in central Mexico, the red tomato is known as jitomate (throughout northern and southern Mexico it is known as tomato) and although the name jitomate should only be used to refer to a very large, red tomato species that gives the appearance of having a navel, many people call it this way to differentiate it from the green tomato variety (Physalis ixocarpa), which is also known as tomatillo or green tomato and is different from an unripe red tomato, also green in color – it belongs to a genus of the same family (Solanaceae) and subfamily (Solanoideae) as the genus Solanum, but not to the same tribe.

What products are obtained from tomatoes?

The by-product of tomato processing consists of the skins and seeds. Tomato skins are rich in fiber and lycopene. The incidence of prostate cancer in men and breast cancer in women can be reduced by lycopene intake and dietary fiber has several beneficial properties.

How many harvests can be obtained from one tomato plant?

Tomatoes are generally harvested four to six times during the growing season, depending on plant type, maturity and market value.

How should we consume tomatoes?

Tomatoes can be consumed raw, but also in other recipes. It can be cooked in many different ways: fried, steamed, stewed or baked. This is the best way to concentrate its flavor and keep it juicy. In fact, cooking tomatoes further enhances their antioxidant power.

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Tomato reception

The debate is not novel, though perhaps unsuccessful, and goes back a long way. In fact, in 1892, the U.S. Supreme Court had to deal with the issue because of how the botanical status of our red friend affected taxation, since imports of fruits and vegetables were not taxed equally, and whose curious story we will tell you another day.

The reality is that the tomato is botanically a fruit but nothing happens, unless you come across a botanical extremist, to consider it a vegetable as could be the cucumber, zucchini or carrot.

Ascribing to botanical criteria, the tomato is a fruit of the Solanaceae family (where we also find the potato, eggplant and bell pepper, all also with American origins) that comes from a herbaceous plant that can reach two meters in height and that in a domestic way is reinforced with tutors to remain upright and be more productive.

The tomato is one of those treasures that, almost by chance, were brought to Europe after the Conquest of America. Its area of influence ranged from Mesoamerica, with present-day Mexico being one of its epicenters, to northern Chile.

What is tomato and what is it used for?

The tomato is a food rich in vitamins and minerals, easy to combine in many dishes and a good companion in the kitchen. It contains few calories, a tomato of one hundred grams provides 18 calories, since most of its weight corresponds to water.

What does it take to produce tomatoes?

Commercially, 45 million tons of tomato are produced per year on 2.2 million hectares (Rojop 2008). … The demand for tomato in Mexico is 2.1 million tons, and the harvested area in Mexico is 121,688 ha (SAGARPA, 2004).

What are the vitamins in tomatoes?

Tomatoes are mainly composed of water and its main macronutrient is carbohydrates. Among the vitamins it is worth mentioning the vitamin A content, basically in the form of β-carotenes (494 μg/100 grams) and vitamin C, and among the minerals, potassium.

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Innovative tomato products

The processing of fruits and vegetables generates large quantities of solid and liquid wastes; the total or partial recovery of these wastes would have economic, social and environmental advantages.

The by-product of tomato processing consists of the skin and seeds. Tomato skins are rich in fiber and lycopene. The incidence of prostate cancer in men and breast cancer in women can be reduced by lycopene intake and dietary fiber has several beneficial properties. The seeds are rich in unsaturated fatty acids that prevent cardiovascular disease.

A research group of the Dept. of Nutrition and Food Science of the Complutense University of Madrid offers its knowledge on the raw material (fresh fruit), derived commercial products (concentrates, sauces, juices, etc.), extracts (powder and oleaginous oils, etc.), and the use of the fruit as a food source. ), extracts (powder and oleoresin) and by-products (skins and seeds), which have demonstrated that the potential of tomato components (products, extracts and by-products) is of enormous nutritional and technological interest (due to their fiber, lycopene and other bioactive compounds content) in the formulation of different foods for human consumption to give rise to products of high nutritional value that can use nutritional and health claims in their labeling.

How long does it take to produce a tomato plant?

The newly formed fruit (about the size of a small ball) takes 45 to 70 days to ripen, depending on ambient temperatures. Optimum temperatures for ripening are 17°C at night and 30°C during the day.

How long is the life span of a tomato plant?

The tomato plant in the wild is a perennial plant, that is, it can live more than one year if the external conditions are favorable. This normally occurs in the places where they originate, and to whose conditions they are adapted, or in other areas of similar climate.

What are the benefits of raw tomatoes?

In addition to the innate properties of tomatoes, there are also a variety of benefits that you can get by eating them raw, such as preventing the onset of lung, prostate or stomach problems, lowering total and LDL cholesterol levels protecting you from heart disease, as well as reducing hypertension …

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Tomato industrial process

The tomato probably first arrived in Seville, which was one of the main centers of international trade, particularly with Italy. It was precisely in 1544 that the Italian herbalist (Mattioli) introduced its knowledge in Italy (“mala aurea”, later “pomodoro”). It was even attributed aphrodisiac properties in France, where it was called “pomme d’amour”.

Although the tomato is considered a vegetable due to its various culinary uses, it is in fact a fruit belonging to the potato, bell pepper and eggplant family. The tomato is one of the most popular foods or ingredients in Europe, due in part to its versatility and ease of combining well with cheese, eggs, fish, meat, vegetables and a wide variety of aromatic herbs.

Tomatoes are nutritious and very low in calories. They contain large amounts of vitamin C and folic acid. They are also the most important food source of a red pigment called lycopene, which has antioxidant properties and may be anticarcinogenic and beneficial for prostate problems.

By Rachel Robison

Rachel Robison is a blogger who collects information on court filings and notices.