What do they check for in a medical examination for employment?

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) imposes restrictions on employers when asking job applicants to answer medical questions, take a medical examination, or identify a disability.

An employer may not ask a job applicant, for example, whether he or she has a disability (or inquire about the nature of an obvious disability). An employer also may not ask a job applicant to answer medical questions or to take a medical examination before making a job offer.

An employer may ask a job applicant whether and how he or she is capable of performing a job. The law allows an employer to condition an offer of employment on the applicant answering certain medical questions or passing a medical examination, as long as all new employees must answer the same questions or take the same examination.

In general, once an individual is hired and has started work, an employer may only ask medical questions or require a medical examination if it needs medical documentation to support the employee’s request for accommodation or if it has reasonable cause to believe that an employee would not be able to perform the job properly or safely because of a medical condition.

What happens if I don’t take the exit exam?

The company gives the letter to the employee and tells him/her where he/she should take the test, and the employee decides whether to take it or not. If the person decides not to have it done, the company is released from liability if, in the event, the worker suffers future illnesses.

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What do they look at in occupational medical examinations?

It includes anamnesis, complete physical examination with emphasis on the target organ or system, analysis of clinical and paraclinical tests, such as: laboratory, diagnostic imaging, electrocardiogram, and their correlation between them to issue a diagnosis and recommendations.

What are the mandatory occupational medical examinations?

The law determines three types of mandatory occupational medical examinations: pre-entry, periodic and exit. In Colombia, mandatory occupational medical examinations are governed by resolution number 2346 of 2007.

Occupational medical examination example

Medical act by which a worker is questioned and examined in order to monitor exposure to risk factors and determine the existence of consequences in the person due to such exposure. It includes anamnesis, complete physical examination with emphasis on the target organ or system, analysis of clinical and paraclinical tests, such as: laboratory, diagnostic imaging, electrocardiogram, and their correlation between them to issue a diagnosis and recommendations.

These can be entry medical evaluations (pre-entry or pre-occupational), periodic (scheduled or for changes of position), retirement (exit or post-occupational), post-disability or reinstatement.

Audiometry It is a test to assess the hearing capacity through an electric instrument that generates pure sounds of different tones at the same intensity or of the same tone at different intensities.

Visiometry It is a screening test used to assess the worker’s visual capacity, which includes: assessment of near and far visual acuity, color and depth perception and muscle balance.

How long do I have to take the exit exam?

It is considered that the employee, through his fault, avoids, hinders or delays the examination, when five (5) days after his retirement he does not go to the respective physician for the examination, despite having received the corresponding order.

When should the exit exams be performed?

The Exit Examinations must be performed when the employment relationship is terminated and is an occupational closure evaluation, which should allow to evaluate and know the health conditions of the worker and establish the existence or not of a health damage associated with the tasks defined in the usual work, or a …

What do they evaluate in the preoccupational examination that matters most?

The pre-employment or entrance examination is a study whose purpose is to determine the applicant’s aptitude according to his or her psychophysical conditions for the performance of the activities that will be required of him or her. In no case can they be used as a discriminatory element for employment.

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I did not pass the occupational medical examination in Colombia.

Rmedico848When is the occupational medical examination mandatoryPublished on February 12, 2019Medical examination – Occupational risk assessmentThe Occupational Risk Prevention Act determines the cases in which the medical examination is mandatory. In addition, several Supreme Court rulings have ruled against its voluntary nature.Whether or not the medical examination is mandatory in companies is a topic that has always raised much debate, and in which unions and employers have even litigated in court. We show you the keys to understand when the medical examination is mandatory.

The Law on Prevention of Occupational Risks is clear in this regard, and Article 22 states that “the employer shall guarantee workers in his service the periodic monitoring of their state of health according to the risks inherent in the work”. Therefore, as we have already advanced when we showed you what a medical examination consists of, the employer is obliged to offer it in all cases.

What do you look for in a serology test?

Antibody serology tests check for the presence or level of specific antibodies in the blood. Antibodies are proteins that the immune system produces to fight foreign substances. These substances are usually pathogens (disease-causing germs) such as viruses and bacteria.

How long does it take to get the result of a pre-employment test?

A typical screening exam takes 15 to 20 minutes, depending on the type of studies requested.

What is Resolution 2346 of 2007?

By which the practice of occupational medical evaluations and the management and content of occupational medical records are regulated.

Ineligible occupational medical examination

/categories/professional-tipsWhat medical exams can’t you be asked to take to join a company?  El Empleo NoticiasCESHOR2018-08-17T14:46:48-05:002022-01-06T10:06:22-05:00We tell you what the company should not ask you when you start the process to work with them. Career advice Photo: iStock

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The same article says that the employer has the obligation to inform the doctor who performs the pre-occupational medical evaluations about the profiles of the position, describing in brief the tasks and the environment in which the work will be developed.

Experts assure that neither the employer nor the doctor can require the candidate to take an HIV test, pregnancy test, or tests to confirm if he/she has, for example, cancer or tuberculosis. If they do so, they would be incurring in a fault, and the candidate could go -within the national territory- to any inspection of the Ministry of Labor and denounce the case.

Then, to clarify the issue, it is important to know that the candidate -if he/she wants to- can tell the doctor all the diseases he/she has and the ones he/she has suffered, since he/she has the capacity to guide him/her in the best way in health matters. In addition, the physician will have to make use of professional secrecy. However, this evaluator, in particular, must give the applicant the general examinations that are in accordance with the position to which he/she aspires.

By Rachel Robison

Rachel Robison is a blogger who collects information on court filings and notices.